Discrimination and Development Assistance

Art.-Nr.: 2010-20

Year of publication: 2010

The present study aims to assess the anti-discrimination policy of EC development cooperation. The key questions are whether development aid is delivered fairly to all without discrimination and to what extent EC development policies contribute to combating discrimination of marginalised groups. Analysis was confined mainly to the conceptual level, examining country strategy papers, thematic strategy papers, communications and guidelines.

Findings were cross-checked through the conduction of interviews with EU officials and civil society representatives. Generally, at policy level, concern for different socially disadvantaged groups and respective anti-discrimination policies have received attention, with the exception of lesbian, gay, trans- and bisexual (LGBT) issues. However, an implementation gap remains between the policy level and execution in practice. This is mainly due to a frequent lack of capacities within the EC delegations in partner countries especially concerning more recent topics, such as disabilities and LGBT. Moreover, participation and empowerment of marginalised groups themselves is not sufficiently being enhanced.

(Irene Knoke and others, 46 Pages)


An inventory of existing mechanisms to comply with aid commitments by member states

Art.-Nr.: 2010-18

Year of publication: 2010

This study assesses the commitments made by EU Member States to achieve the 0.7% Official Development Assistance (ODA) / GNI target by 2015. The paper analyses the mechanisms that countries have established and their effectiveness to reach ODA targets.

To ensure that the 2015 0.7% target can still be met, renewed political will and the introduction of multi-annual action plans are needed at the national level. The EU has no mandate to introduce binding mechanisms at EU level since budgeting falls within the competence of Member States. To meet the 0.7% target by 2015, the EU, and in particular the European Parliament, should continue to urge Member States to stick to their commitments. Considering the need to speed up their allocations, innovative financing instruments will play a key role for Member States to meet their ODA pledges. At the same time, the study argues that ODA definition criteria should not be broadened further to include specific climate-change related funding or military expenditure as part of ODA.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán and others, 32 Pages)


Monitoring budget support in developing countries. A comparative analysis of national control mechanisms over budget support in developing countries.

Art.-Nr.: 2010-11

Year of publication: 2010

This study aims to assess the effectiveness of developing countries’ national control mechanisms in overseeing budget support. The key questions deal with the oversight role and effectiveness of parliaments and supreme audit institutions (SAI) and the extent to which the EC assesses and supports parliamentary structures and SAIs when budget support is provided. The research is based on case studies in three countries: Ghana, Burkina Faso and the Dominican Republic.

Overall, parliamentary budgetary oversight is weak in all countries studied and has not significantly improved since the provision of budget support. In addition, within the framework of budget support, parliamentary performance is inadequately assessed, not yet systematically integrated at policy level and receives only limited EC support. Supreme audit institutions, on the other hand, have attracted more donor attention and their performance has improved in all three country cases. To improve public financial management and to strengthen domestic accountability in the long run, institutions outside the executive, including civil society actors, must gain more weight in the design and management of budget support.

(Dr. Pedro Morazán and others, 96 Pages)


Making Development More Effective. A contribution to the debate on the effectiveness of aid

Art.-Nr.: 2008-17

Erscheinungsjahr: 2008

The Paris Declaration1 adopted at the beginning of March 2005 by 91 nations and 26 multilateral organizations has become synonymous with the reform process of government development assistance. An important milestone of this process is the Third High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness planned for September 2–4, 2008 in Accra, Ghana. The debate on the Paris Declaration increased after the first High Level Forum in 2003 in Rome.

The Development Assistance Committee of the OECD, within which donor countries are organized, recognized that the degree of aid effectiveness must urgently be increased. A reform process planned for the medium term should develop solutions. Accordingly, after the High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness in Accra, a follow-up conference will take place in 2011 in Peking, China. Civil society actors have the task of addressing this ongoing reform process for development cooperation. The Church Development Service, an Association of the Protestant Churches in Germany (Evangelischer Entwicklungsdienst, EED) can contribute its experiences in development cooperation and policy advocacy.

It is doing so by contributing this working paper to the debate. This paper was developed together with the SÜDWIND Institute. The ideas, opinions and recommendations expressed in this working paper are reflective of 23 responses by EED-partners from countries in Africa on the effectiveness of aid. The perceptions of African representatives of civil society networks from Zimbabwe, Uganda and Cameroon are also expressed along with the development policy experiences of EED. Further points of reference are the positions as elaborated in the dialogue of the International Steering Group (ISG), an independent global civil society network attending the Accra process.  

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 33 Seiten)


Entwicklung wirksam gestalten. Ein Beitrag zur Debatte über die Effektivität der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit

Art.-Nr.: 2008-04

Erscheinungsjahr: 2008

Die Anfang März 2005 von 91 Ländern und 26 multilateralen Organisationen vereinbarte Pariser Erklärung ist für den Reformprozess der staatlichen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zum Synonym geworden. Der nächste Meilenstein dieses Prozesses ist die für den 2.–4.September 2008 geplante dritte Ministerkonferenz über die Effektivität der Hilfe in Accra, Ghana. Die Debatte um die Pariser Erklärung nahm nach der Ministerkonferenz in Rom 2003 Fahrt auf. Das Entwicklungskomitee der OECD, in dem die Geberländer sich organisieren, erkannte, dass man den Wirkungsgrad der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit dringend erhöhen muss. Ein auf mittlere Sicht geplanter Reformprozess soll Lösungen dafür erarbeiten. Entsprechend wird nach der Ministerkonferenz über die Effektivität der Hilfe in Accra eine Folgekonferenz 2011 in Peking, China stattfinden. Zivilgesellschaftliche Akteure haben die Aufgabe, sich zu diesem laufenden Reformprozess zur Entwicklungszusammenarbeit zu Wort zu melden.

Der Evangelische Entwicklungsdienst kann seine Erfahrungen in der Entwicklungszusammenarbeit und der entwicklungspolitischen Arbeit beitragen. Er tut das, indem er dieses Arbeitspapier als Beitrag zur Debatte vorlegt. Es wurde gemeinsam mit dem Institut SÜDWIND erarbeitet. In den Überlegungen, Meinungen und Empfehlungen, die in diesem Arbeitspapier zum Ausdruck kommen, spiegeln sich 23 Rückläufe einer Partnerbefragung des EED aus Ländern Afrikas zur Effektivität der Hilfe wider. Die Auffassungen afrikanischer Vertreterinnen und Vertreter von zivilgesellschaftlichen Netzwerken aus Zimbabwe, Uganda und Kamerun kommen neben den eigenen entwicklungspolitischen Erfahrungen des EED zum Ausdruck. Orientierungspunkte bilden ferner die Forderungen der International Steering Group (ISG), ein den Accra- Prozess begleitendes unabhängiges globales Netzwerk  

(Dr. Pedro Morazán, 35 Seiten)


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